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镍离子(Ⅱ)印迹聚合物的制备及性能研究
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作者单位
杨利峰,王群英,张随成,胡圣虹 1.中国地质大学材料科学与化学工程学院
2.中国地质大学生物地质与环境地质教育部重点实验室 
中文摘要:以镍(Ⅱ)离子为模板,丙烯酰胺为功能单体,二乙烯基苯为交联剂,偶氮二异丁腈为引发剂,甲醇为溶剂,采用本体聚合法制备了镍离子(Ⅱ)印迹聚合物。用红外光谱对镍离子印迹聚合物的结构进行表征,红外光谱研究表明聚合物中存在与模板分子相互作用的特征基团。通过研究Ni2+与单体的物质的量之比、单体与交联剂的物质的量之比、溶剂量对镍离子(Ⅱ)印迹聚合物吸附性能的影响,发现Ni2+与功能单体物质的量之比为1∶4,功能单体与交联剂物质的量之比为1∶5,溶剂体积为10 mL时制备的聚合物具有最佳吸附能力。结果表明该镍离子(Ⅱ)印迹聚合物对Ni2+具有良好的吸附性、选择性和亲和性,其最大吸附量为126 mg/g,与饱和吸附量Qmax=135 mg/g基本相符,达到吸附平衡的时间为35 min,最佳吸附pH=80,相对其它金属离子的相对选择系数(K′)远大于1,表明该镍离子印迹聚合物对镍离子有明显的选择识别能力,且重复性好。
中文关键词:镍离子  离子印迹聚合物  选择性吸附
 
Preparation and Characteristics of Nickel(Ⅱ) Ion imprinted Polymer
Abstract:A new nickel(Ⅱ) ion imprinted polymer(IIP) material was synthesized by using bulk polymerization of acrylamide as monomer,divinylbenzene as crosslinking agent,2,2 azobis sobutyronitrile as initiator and methanol as solvent in the presence of nickel(Ⅱ).The structure of polymer was studied by IR spectrometry.The result indicated that some characteristic groups in the ion imprinted polymer interacted with the template.To get the optimal reaction conditions,the effect of the molar ratio of Ni2+/monomer and monomer/crosslinker,and the volume of solvent on adsorption properties of Ni(Ⅱ) imprinted polymers was investigated.The best adsorption capacity of the polymer adsorbent was obtained when uisng Ni(Ⅱ) functional monomer of 1∶4(molar ratio),functional monomer-crosslinking agent of 1∶5(molar ratio) and solvent volume of 10 mL.The adsorption and selectivity capacity of nickel(Ⅱ) ion imprinted polymer for Ni(Ⅱ) ion were studied.The results showed that the imprinted polymer had good affinity for Ni2+.The maximum adsorption capacity was 126 mg/g,which corresponded with the saturated adsorption(Qmax) of 135 mg/g.The sorption equilibrium time was 35 min and the optimum pH for quantitative nickel retention was 80.The relatively selective factor(K′) of Ni to other metal ions were greater than 1.The IIP could be repeatedly used with high selectivity and stability for Ni(Ⅱ).
Key Words:nickel(Ⅱ)  ion imprinted polymer  selective adsorption
引用本文:杨利峰,王群英,张随成,胡圣虹.镍离子(Ⅱ)印迹聚合物的制备及性能研究[J].分析测试学报,2011,30(2):135-139.
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