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芬太尼类新精神活性物质检测技术研究进展
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作者单位
郭项雨,马麟,尚宇瀚,白桦,马强 1.中国检验检疫科学研究院2.北京中医药大学东方学院 
基金项目:中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目(2019JK040)
中文摘要:毒品滥用是全球性问题,对人们的身心健康、经济发展和社会进步造成巨大危害。毒品稽查是保障公共安全和社会秩序的重要手段,而科学精准的检测技术为开展毒品稽查工作提供了有力支撑。近年来,芬太尼类新精神活性物质迅速蔓延,其具有更强的兴奋、致幻、麻醉等效果,已成为继传统毒品、合成毒品后全球流行的第三代毒品,并在一些国家流行、滥用,已造成大量人员死亡,引发严重社会问题。对此,各国政府密切关注并制定了相应法律法规进行管控,科研人员也开发了一系列检测技术。该文重点论述了芬太尼类新精神活性物质的传统实验室检测技术和现场快速检测技术的研究进展,并对这些技术的发展趋势和应用前景进行了展望,以期为相关领域研究人员提供技术参考。
中文关键词:芬太尼  新精神活性物质  检测技术  综述
 
ReviewsResearch Advances in Analytical Techniques for New Psychoactive Substances of Fentanyl Compounds
Abstract:Drug abuse is a global problem,posing a major threat to peoples physical and mental health,economic development and social progress.Drug inspection is a key measure to ensure public security and social order,calling for development of sensitive and accurate analytical techniques.In recent years,new psychoactive substances such as fentanyl compounds have been spreading rapidly due to their stronger effects of excitement,hallucinations and anesthesia,which have become the third generation drugs after traditional drugs and synthetic drugs.The abuse of fentanyl drugs has caused a large number of deaths and serious social problems.In this regard,the authorities worldwide have attached great importance to formulating laws and regulations for their control,and researchers have developed a variety of analytical techniques.In this paper,the advances in traditional laboratory analytical techniques and rapid on site analytical techniques were summarized,and the development trend and application prospects were discussed,which may provide some technical instructions for the researchers in related fields.
Key Words:fentanyl  new psychoactive substances  analytical techniques  review
引用本文:郭项雨,马麟,尚宇瀚,白桦,马强.芬太尼类新精神活性物质检测技术研究进展[J].分析测试学报,2020,39(12):1548-1555.
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