Investigation on pH Regulatory Mechanism of HK853 by NMR Spectroscopy
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KeyWord:NMR  site-selective labeling  two-component signal transduction system  phosphorylation  histidine kinase
JI Shi-xia,LIU Yi-xiang,JIANG Hong-ying,LI Cong-gang,JIANG Ling,LIU Mai-li 1.Key Laboratory of Magnetic Resonance in Biological System,State Key Laboratory of Magnetic Resonance and Atomicand Molecular Physics,Wuhan Center for Magnetic ResonanceWuhan Institute of Physics and Mathematics,Chinese Academy of Sciences;2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences
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      A two-component signal transduction system is the most important signal transduction system for bacteria to cope with external stimuli and self regulate physiological activities.Histidine kinase is an important component of the two-component signal transduction system.Most histidine kinases are multifunctional,they could autophosphorylate and then deliver phosphate groups to the cognate response regulators(RR),and they could also catalyze the dephosphorylation of the response regulator proteins.It is found that the dephosphorylation activity of histidine kinase HK853 is pH dependent.The pH regulation mechanism of HK853 is investigated by using selectively isotopic labeling and NMR spectroscopy.It is revealed that the pKa value of His260 side chain involved in the interaction has a good relationship with the pH dependent phosphatase activity of HK853,which will decrease after HK853 forms a complex with the substrate.The deprotonated imidazole ring plays an important role in the catalytic reaction.This change contributes to the enhancement of HK853 phosphatase activity,ensures the efficiency of acid-base regulation and clarifies the acid-base regulation mechanism of HK853 when performing phosphatase function.