Identification of Chemical Constituents in Ganoderma lucidum by Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry and Its Fingerprinting Analysis
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KeyWord:Ganoderma lucidum  Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry(FTICR-MS)  chemical constituent identification  fingerprint analysis  origin differentiation
YANG Qiu-xia,YANG Yun-yun,LIU Yao-hui, XIANG Zhang-min, GUO Peng-ran 1.Guangdong Engineering and Technology Research Center for Ambient Mass Spectrometry,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Emergency Test for Dangerous Chemicals,Guangdong Institute of Analysis2.College of Food Science,South China Agriculture University
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      A Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry(FTICR-MS) with cluster analysis and principal components analysis(PCA) was developed for the identification of chemical constituents in Ganoderma lucidum and the analysis of its fingerprintings used for origin differentiation.The Ganoderma lucidum samples were extracted with a reflux using 50% methanol as solvent,then analyzed directly by FTICR-MS.The MS spectra were recorded at m/z 100-1 000 Da with ESI source under a negative ion detection mode.The chemical constituents in Ganoderma lucidum were identified by accurate mass determination in MS/MS experiments,and total of sixty-three active ingredients,including one terpene aldehyde,three sugars,four triterpene alcohols,six organic acids and forty-nine triterpene acids,were identified by comparing their mass spectrometric inforamtion with those of reference compounds and literatures.The Ganoderma lucidum samples derived from different origins were distinguished by cluster analysis and PCA,and a good origin differentiation was obtained under 95% confidence interval.Experimental results showed that the developed method could be applied in the rapid,direct and efficient analysis of Ganoderma lucidum and its fingerprintings,and was a promising approach for analysis of traditional Chinese medicine.